All of us get hurt at some point or the other. Wounds are extremely common in childhood when kids run and play about. Sportspersons also have to deal with injuries that occur on the field. Apart from this, accidents are another major cause of wounds. Other reasons are inflicted injuries. Whatever may be the reason, wounds are painful to deal with.
What are Wounds?
A wound is an injury that causes a break in the skin by a tear, cut, stab or due to a blunt force depending on which it can be classified as an open wound or a closed wound.
Open and closed wounds?
Open Wounds: Open wounds are further classified depending on the article/instrument that caused the wound.
- Incised wound have clean edges and are caused by blade, knives etc.
- Lacerations are uneven wounds caused by blunt trauma
- Abrasions are scraped wounds caused by sliding on a surface
- Avulsions are injuries in which the skin is separated from the usual place
- Punctured wounds are deep and the opening might be small. It is caused by nails, needles, etc.
- Penetrated wounds are caused by piercing into the skin
Closed Wounds: They are also as risky as open wounds and could be even more fatal if the bleeding is not visible
- Hematomas are the collection of clotted blood below the skin. There are again many types of hematomas such as petechiae, purpura, ecchymosis and this classification is based upon their varying sizes.
- Crush injury is caused due to a great impact for a long period of time.
Depending on the size, type and location of the wound, management will differ. Minor wounds heal on their own while larger wounds will require cleaning and dressing. Larger wounds may require suturing too.
- Cleaning is the first priority. There may be dust, grime and other particles which might be needed to be removed else it might cause an infection.
- Closure of the wound if required must be done with the help of sutures or staples
- A clean dressing must be done after closure or after cleaning the wound.
- A tetanus shot might be given by your healthcare provider.
Complications of wounds
If wounds are not properly taken care of there can be certain complications. There are factors such as being diabetic and malnourished that can cause delayed wound healing or complications too.
- Infection, causing increased drainage from the site of the wound, which may contain pus. Other signs of infection are fever and possibly an enlarged lymph node.
- Gas gangrene can occur if infected with some bacteria (clostridia) causing tissue loss and possible sepsis
- Tetanus can affect individuals causing lockjaw
- Cellulitis can also occur.
Treating the condition
As mentioned earlier, wounds can be managed effectively by cleaning, closing wound and dressing.
Doliosis D50 Woundaid is a Homoeopathic product that hastens wound healing. It helps by accelerating the process of healing of open wounds and reducing pain. It further prevents secondary infections. This product has no side effects and is easy to consume. It can be taken with other medicines, for all age groups.