Irrational fears of objects, situations, living beings, etc., can petrify a person to a very great extent. They are collectively termed as phobias. Depending on the kind of phobia the person has it is named accordingly. For example, Sociophobia is the irrational fear of society or people in general.
What is a Phobia?
Phobias are considered as a psychological disorder that is characterized by the relentless fear of an object, a living being or a situation that affects the daily life of a person. A fear that lasts beyond 6 months is considered as a phobia. Avoidance is the solution for such people and if they are unable to avoid the situation they feel miserable.
Physical symptoms may occur with phobia which includes fainting spells and panic attacks. There can be a fast heart rate with a high blood pressure and chest pain, quick short breaths, dry mouth, nausea, upset stomach, chest pain with a sense of choking.
Phobias are classified into three types as follows:
- Specific Phobias: This involves fear of certain situations or objects. It is further divided into:
- Animal Type
- Natural Environment Type
- Agoraphobia: Fear of open spaces or leaving your comfort zone of your home
- Social Phobia: Fear of being humiliated by fellow beings
Causes and Risk Factors of Phobias
Genetic and the environment are main aspects causing a Phobia.
- A family history (associated with a close relative) of Phobia can cause a person to suffer from it
- Facing a stressful situation in the past can lead to Phobias depending on the type of situation faced. For example, a near drowning in future can give rise to a fear of drowning or fear of drowning or fear of water.
- There is fear developed in people who have suffered a traumatic brain injury. Also, drug addiction, schizophrenia and depression have been linked to phobias.
- Risk factors include age and sex. Younger children have more difficulty in dealing with the society and hence might have social phobia. Females have more phobias associated with animals and males have phobias associated with doctors and dentists.
Dealing with Phobias
Generally, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is used to treat symptoms of Phobias which includes subjecting the person to the phobia causing agent in controlled levels which helps in dealing with the fear. Often Antidepressants and Anti-anxiety medicines are also prescribed by a Doctor along with CBT.
Treatment in Homoeopathy
Homoeopathy is celebrated for its approach in treating illnesses related to the mind. Hence Doliosis D79 Phobinil is manufactured to control all kinds of Phobias. It helps to relieve the senseless, abnormal, specific fear especially in neurotic patients and all other symptoms relating to Phobia. It can be used for all ages safely, without any side effects. Also, it can be taken easily along with other medication.